A Review on Ethnobotanical and Therapeutic Uses of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graceum L)

Bahmani, M. and Shirzad, H. and Mirhosseini, M. and Mesripour, A. and Rafieian-Kopaei, M. (2016) A Review on Ethnobotanical and Therapeutic Uses of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graceum L). Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 21 (1). pp. 53-62.


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Fenugreek with the scientific name of Trigonella foenum-graceum L and with leaves consisting of 3 small obovate to oblong leaflets is an annual herbaceous plant of the Fabaceae family. It is native to the eastern Mediterranean but is cultivated worldwide. This plant has medicinal alkaloids, steroid compounds, and sapogenins and many uses have been mentioned for this plant in traditional medicine. This plant has been used to ease childbirth, to aid digestion, and as a general tonic to improve metabolism. Trigonelline is considered as the most important metabolite of fenugreek, which is very effective in treating diabetes and decreasing blood cholesterol. Diaszhenin is another important compound in seeds of this plant, which is used in producing medicinal steroids like contraceptive pills. Many studies have been performed on the therapeutic effects and identification of chemical compounds of this plant. In this article, the most important biological effects and reported compounds about fenugreek seed are reviewed and its therapeutic applications are investigated. © 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 14
Uncontrolled Keywords: fenugreek, medicinal plants, Trigonella foenum-graceum
Subjects: QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2017 09:23
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2017 09:23
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/974

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