Quality control of Rosa × damascena flowers from Layzangan of Fars province in Iran

Mosleh, Ghazaleh and Badr, Parmis and Azadi, Amir and Afsari Sardari, Forough and Iraji, Aida and Khademian, Sedigheh and Abolhassanzadeh, Zohreh and Mohagheghzadeh, Abdolali (2021) Quality control of Rosa × damascena flowers from Layzangan of Fars province in Iran. Journal of Medicinal Plants, 20 (78). pp. 48-58. ISSN 16840240

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....


Background: Damask rose (DR) with the scientific name of Rosa � damascena Herrm. is a popular medicinal plant belonging to the Rosaceae family. According to the literature, DR cultivation was originally developed in the Layzangan valley, Darab region of Fars province in Iran. Objective: In this study, quality control and standardization of Layazangan DR flowers were investigated. Methods: Histological, physicochemical, and heavy metal analysis as well as the chromatographic fingerprints including GC-MS and HPLC analysis were studied. Results: According to the microscopic observations, secretory and simple trichromes in sepal, rosette crystals in ovule, and the tricolporate shape of pollen grain were found to be the major characteristics in DR flowers. The results of heavy metal analysis revealed that the amounts of zinc (82.5 ppm), copper (4.02 ppm), lead (0.11 ppm), and cadmium (not detected) were less than maximum permitted amounts. The essential oil of fresh petals was obtained by hydro-distillation and was analyzed by GC-MS method. Twenty-three components were identified representing 98.66 of the total essential oil composition. Citronellol (41.44 ), nonadecane (16.44 ), and heneicosane (10.58 ) were the main components. According to HPLC analysis results, quercetin was determined as 7300.5 μg/g dried DR petals. Conclusion: The essential oil obtained from Layzangan DR is rich in citronellol compound. On the other hand, the diagnostic characteristics presented in this study can help in better quality control and standardization of DR samples. It could also provide information for the authentication of relevant undeclared samples as well as the detection of adulterated materials.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: cadmium; copper; lead; zinc, Article; controlled study; distillation; flower; high performance liquid chromatography; histopathology; Iran; mass fragmentography; nonhuman; petal; physical chemistry; quality control; Rosa damascena; standardization
Subjects: QV pharmacology > QV 767 Traditional Pharmaceutics
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2021 04:44
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2021 04:44
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9194

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item