The association between a Fatty Acid Binding Protein 1 (FABP1) gene polymorphism and serum lipid abnormalities in the MASHAD cohort study

Valizadeh, Mohsen and Aghasizadeh, Maliheh and Nemati, Mohsen and Hashemi, Mohammad and Aghaee-Bakhtiari, Seyed Hamid and Zare-Feyzabadi, Reza and Esmaily, Habibollah and Ghazizdaeh, Hamideh and Sahebi, Reza and Ahangari, Najmeh and Ferns, Gordon. A and Pasdar, Alireza and Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid (2021) The association between a Fatty Acid Binding Protein 1 (FABP1) gene polymorphism and serum lipid abnormalities in the MASHAD cohort study. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 172. ISSN 09523278

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Introduction: Dyslipidemia is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is partially determined by genetic variations in the genes involved in lipoprotein metabolism. Therefore, we aimed to assess the association between a polymorphism of the Fatty Acid Binding Protein1 (rs2241883) gene locus and dyslipidemia in an Iranian cohort. Materials and methods: This is a case-control study 2737 individuals were recruited (2203 subjects with dyslipidemia and 534 controls). Dyslipidemia was defined as total cholesterol�200 mg/dl, or TG�150 mg/dl, or LDL-C�130 mg/dl, or HDL-C<40 mg/dl in males and <50 mg/dl in females. Serum lipid profile was determined using a Alcyon Abbott biochemical auto analyzer, USA. Genotyping was made through double amplification refractory mutation system polymerase chain reaction (ARMs PCR). Result: The frequency of TT, CT, CC genotypes of rs2241883 polymorphism of FABP1 gene were 65.5, 33.4, 5.1 in subjects with dyslipidemia and 56.9, 40.4, 2.6 in subjects without dyslipidemia, respectively. Using a dominant genetic model, subjects carrying C allele (CC&CT genotypes) had a 22 lower risk of dyslipidemia (OR: 0.78, CI 95: 0.62-0.98 P, 0.03). Individuals with CT vs. TT genotypes had a significantly lower risk of a high serum TC and LDL level. Further analysis showed that there was a positive association between FABP1 genotype (CT) and isolated HTG as well as combined dyslipidemia. The change of a polar amino acid (threonine) in position T94A to a hydrophobic amino acid (alanine) can cause transformation protein. Conclusions: A CC genotype of the rs2241883 polymorphism of the FABP1 gene appears to confer a higher risk of dyslipidemia in our representative cohort of Iranian individuals.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: alanine; cholesterol; fatty acid binding protein; fatty acid binding protein 1; high density lipoprotein cholesterol; low density lipoprotein cholesterol; threonine; triacylglycerol; unclassified drug, adult; Article; case control study; cholesterol blood level; clinical feature; cohort analysis; controlled study; dyslipidemia; FABP1 gene; female; gene amplification; gene mutation; genetic association; genetic model; genetic susceptibility; genotype; human; hydrophobicity; Iranian people; major clinical study; male; mutator gene; polymerase chain reaction; single nucleotide polymorphism; triacylglycerol blood level
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Cell biology and genetics
Divisions: Faculty of Advanced Technologies > Department of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2021 08:46
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2021 08:46

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