Burden of Transport-Related Injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

Safiri, Saeid and Sullman, Mark J. M. and Lajunen, Timo and Hill, Tetiana and Almasi-Hashiani, Amir and Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar and Farzadfar, Farshad and Sepanlou, Sadaf G. and Abu-Gharbieh, Eman and Aghamolaei, Teamur and Ahmad, Tauseef and Alghnam, Suliman A. and Al-Hajj, Samar and Alipour, Vahid and Aljunid, Syed Mohamed and Anjomshoa, Mina and Ansari-Moghaddam, Alireza and Arabloo, Jalal and Bayati, Mohsen and Bedi, Neeraj and Bendak, Salaheddine and Bhutta, Zulfiqar A. and Bijani, Ali and Dahlawi, Saad M. A. and Dianatinasab, Mostafa and Forooshani, Zahra Sadat Dibaji and Elhabashy, Hala Rashad and Zeydi, Amir Emami and Eskandarieh, Sharareh and Ghafourifard, Mansour and Ghashghaee, Ahmad and Grivna, Michal and Gubari, Mohammed Ibrahim Mohialdeen and Hamadeh, Randah R. and Hamidi, Samer and Hayat, Khezar and Rad, Enayatollah Homaie and Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi and Househ, Mowafa and Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi and Jahani, Mohammad Ali and Kalankesh, Leila R. and Kalhor, Rohollah and Kamel, Ibrahim and Khammarnia, Mohammad and Khan, Maseer and Khazaie, Habibolah and Komaki, Hamidreza and Lahimchi, Amitis and Madadin, Mohammed and Maleki, Shokofeh and Manafi, Navid and Mansour-Ghanaei, Fariborz and Mansournia, Mohammad Ali and Menezes, Ritesh G. and Mohammad, Yousef and Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Abdollah and Mohebi, Farnam and Moradi, Ghobad and Moradzadeh, Rahmatollah and Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam and Naderi, Mehdi and Nikbakhsh, Rajan and Pakshir, Keyvan and Pourshams, Akram and Rabiee, Navid and Rafiei, Alireza and Rawassizadeh, Reza and Rezapour, Aziz and Saddik, Basema and Moghaddam, Sahar Saeedi and Salamati, Payman and Salem, Marwa Rashad and Salem, Hosni and Samy, Abdallah M. and Sathian, Brijesh and Shahabi, Saeed and Shaikh, Masood Ali and Shams-Beyranvand, Mehran and Shamsizadeh, Morteza and Sobhiyeh, Mohammad Reza and Soheili, Amin and Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash and Waheed, Yasir and Yusefzadeh, Hasan and Moghadam, Telma Zahirian and Zaki, Leila and Zamani, Mohammad and Zandian, Hamed and Malekzadeh, Reza and Naghavi, Mohsen and Co, GBD 2017 EMR Transport Injuries (2021) Burden of Transport-Related Injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. ARCHIVES OF IRANIAN MEDICINE, 24 (7). pp. 512-525. ISSN 1029-2977

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Abstract

Background: Transport-related injuries (TIs) are a substantial public health concern for all regions of the world. The present study quantified the burden of TIs and deaths in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) in 2017 by sex and age. Methods: TIs and deaths were estimated by age, sex, country, and year using Cause of Death Ensemble modelling (CODEm) and DisMod-MR 2.1. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), which quantify the total burden of years lost due to premature death or disability, were also estimated per 100 000 population. All estimates were reported along with their corresponding 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs). Results: In 2017, there were 5.5 million (UI 4.9-6.2) transport-related incident cases in the EMR - a substantial increase from 1990 (2.8 million; UI 2.5-3.1). The age-standardized incidence rate for the EMR in 2017 was 787 (UI 703.3-876.2) per 100000, which has not changed significantly since 1990 (-0.9%; UI -4.7 to 3). These rates differed remarkably between countries, such that Oman (1303.9; UI 1167.3-1441.3) and Palestine (486.5; UI 134.5-313.9) had the highest and lowest age-standardized incidence rates per 100000, respectively. In 2017, there were 185.3 thousand (UI 170.8-200.6) transport-related fatalities in the EMR substantial increase since 1990 (140.4 thousand; UI 118.7.-156.9). The age-standardized death rate for the E.MR in 2017 was 29.5 (1)1 27.1-31.9) per 100000, which was 30.5% lower than that found in 1990 (42.5; UI 36.8-47.3). In 2017, Somalia (54; UI 30-77.4) and Lebanon (7.1; UI 4.8-8.6) had the highest and lowest age-standardized death rates per 100,000, respectively. The age-standardised DAIY rate for the MR in 2017 was 1,528.8 (UI 1412.5 1651.3) per 100000, which was 34.4% lower than that found in 1990 (2,331.3; UI 1,993.1-2,389.9). In 2017, the highest DALY rate was found in Pakistan (3454121; UI 2 297 8904 342 908) and the lowest was found in Bahrain (8616; UI 7670-9751). Conclusion: The present study shows that while road traffic has become relatively safer (measured by deaths and DALYs per 100 000 population), the number of transport-related fatalities in the EMR is growing and needs to be addressed urgently.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Accidents; Epidemiology; Incidence; Mortality; Road traffic injuries
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA. 900 Vital Statistics
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2021 05:25
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2021 05:25
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9128

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