Characterization of Macroporous Polycaprolactone/Silk Fibroin/Gelatin/Ascorbic Acid Composite Scaffolds and In Vivo Results in a Rabbit Model for Meniscus Cartilage Repair

Abpeikar, Zahra and Moradi, Lida and Javdani, Moosa and Kargozar, Saeid and Soleimannejad, Mostafa and Hasanzadeh, Elham and Mirzaei, Seyed Abbas and Asadpour, Shiva (2021) Characterization of Macroporous Polycaprolactone/Silk Fibroin/Gelatin/Ascorbic Acid Composite Scaffolds and In Vivo Results in a Rabbit Model for Meniscus Cartilage Repair. CARTILAGE.

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Abstract

Objective Meniscus injuries in the inner avascular zone have weak intrinsic self-healing capacity and often progress to osteoarthritis. This study focused on evaluating the effects of polycaprolactone/silk fibroin/gelatin/ascorbic acid (PCL/SF/Gel/AA) composite scaffolds seeded with adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs), in the meniscus repair. Design To this end, composite scaffolds were cross-linked using N-hydroxysuccinimide and 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl-aminopropyl)-1-carbodiimide hydrochloride. Scaffolds were then characterized by scanning electron microscope, mechanical tests, total antioxidant capacity, swelling, and toxicity tests. Results The PCL/SF/Gel/AA scaffolds exhibited suitable mechanical properties. Furthermore, vitamin C rendered them the highest antioxidant capacity. The PCL/SF/Gel/AA scaffolds also showed good biocompatibility and proliferation for chondrocytes. Moreover, the PCL/SF/Gel/AA scaffold seeded with allogeneic ASCs was engrafted in New Zealand rabbits who underwent unilateral punch defect in the medial meniscus of the right knee. After 2 months postimplantation, macroscopic and histologic studies for new meniscus cartilage were performed. Conclusions Our results indicated that the PCL/SF/Gel/AA composite scaffolds seeded with allogeneic ASCs could successfully improve meniscus healing in damaged rabbits.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Cell biology and genetics
Divisions: Faculty of Advanced Technologies > Department of Tissue Engineering
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2021 09:40
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 09:40
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9121

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