Evaluation of antidepressant effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaffarian in male mice

Asgharzadeh, Najmeh and Hajihasani, Fatemeh and Lorigooini, Zahra and Mardani, Marzieh and Amini Khoei, Hossein and Moradi, Mohamadtaghi and Shahrani Korrani, Mehrdad (2021) Evaluation of antidepressant effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaffarian in male mice. Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, 23 (1). pp. 44-50. ISSN 1735-1448

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Abstract

<strong>Background and aims:</strong> Depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders with serious impacts on individuals, and is often associated with physiological symptoms. In this study, we investigated the antidepressant effects of <em>Kelussia odoratissima</em> Mozaffarian extract in male mice. <strong>Methods:</strong> A total of 56 male mice (weight: 25-35 g; age: 6-8 weeks) were used. <em>K. odoratissima</em> Mozaffarian hydroalcoholic extract was prepared by maceration method. The forced swim test, open field test, and splash test were used to investigate the antidepressant effects. The mice were assigned into eight equal groups (n=7 each) as follows: receiving 25, 50, 75, and 100 mg/kg of <em>K. odoratissima</em> Mozaffarian extract; receiving 5 mg/kg reserpine; receiving 5 mg/kg reserpine along with 20 mg fluoxetine; and normal saline. All injections were done intraperitoneally for one week before the test. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and antioxidant capacity of serum and brain were also measured in all groups. Statistical analysis was performed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey�s test. <strong>Results:</strong> Extract of <em>K. odoratissima</em> Mozaffarian significantly decreased the immobility time in forced swim test (<em>P</em><0.001). The extract also significantly increased splash time and elapsed time in the open field test, which was statistically significant compared with reserpinated mice (<em>P</em><0.001). Reserpine increased MDA levels and decreased the antioxidant capacity of serum and brain, whereas hydroalcoholic extract of <em>K. odoratissima</em> decreased MDA dose-dependently and increased antioxidant capacity (<em>P</em><0.001). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The results of this study showed that hydroalcoholic extract of <em>K. odoratissima</em> has antidepressant effects, but further studies are necessary to investigate the involved mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kelussia odoratissima; Depression; Flavonoids; Mice
Subjects: QV pharmacology > QV 767 Traditional Pharmaceutics
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > student research center
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2021 05:05
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2021 05:05
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9096

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