A novel deletion variant in CLN3 with highly variable expressivity is responsible for juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses

Gilani, Naser and Razmara, Ehsan and Ozaslan, Mehmet and Abdulzahra, Ihsan Kareem and Arzhang, Saeid and Tavasoli, Ali Reza and Garshasbi, Masoud (2021) A novel deletion variant in CLN3 with highly variable expressivity is responsible for juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses. ACTA NEUROLOGICA BELGICA. ISSN 0300-9009

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Abstract

Mutations in CLN3 (OMIM: 607042) are associated with juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (JNCL)-a rare neurodegenerative disease with early retinal degeneration and progressive neurologic deterioration. The study aimed to determine the underlying genetic factors justifying the NCL phenotype in a large Iraqi consanguineous family. Four affected individuals with an initial diagnosis of NCL were recruited. By doing neuroimaging and also pertinent clinical examinations, e.g. fundus examination, due to heterogeneity of neurodevelopmental disorders, the proband was subjected to the paired-end whole-exome sequencing to identify underlying genetic factors. The candidate variant was also confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Various in silico predictions were used to show the pathogenicity of the variant. This study revealed a novel homozygous frameshift variant-NM_000086.2: c.1127del; p.(Leu376Argfs*15)-in the exon 14 of the CLN3 gene as the most likely disease-causing variant. Three out of 4 patients showed bilateral vision loss (< 7 years) and retinal degeneration with macular changes in both eyes. Electroencephalography demonstrated the loss of normal posterior alpha rhythm and also low amplitude multifocal slow waves. Brain magnetic resonance imaging of the patients with a high degree of deterioration showed mild cerebral and cerebellar cortical atrophy, mild ventriculomegaly, thinning of the corpus callosum and vermis, and non-specific periventricular white matter signal changes in the occipital area. The novel biallelic deletion variant of CLN3 was identified that most probably led to JNCL with variable expressivity of the phenotype. This study also expanded our understanding of the clinical and genetic spectrum of JNCL.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WL Nervous system
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 31 May 2021 06:36
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 06:36
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9038

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