Prevalence of elimination disorders and comorbid psychiatric disorders in Iranian children and adolescents

Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza and Hojjat, Seyed Kaveh and Ahmadi, Nastaran and Alavi, Seyed Salman and Hooshyari, Zahra and Khaleghi, Ali and Ahmadi, Ameneh and Hesari, Mahsa Jafarzadeh and Shakiba, Alia and Amiri, Shahrokh and Molavi, Parviz and Arman, Soroor and Mohammadzadeh, Soleiman and Kousha, Maryam and Golbon, Atieh and Hosseini, Seyed Hamzeh and Delpisheh, Ali and Mojahed, Azizollah and ArmaniKian, Alireza and Sarraf, Nasrin and Safavi, Parvin and Moharari, Fatemeh and Dastjerdi, Reza and Talepasand, Siavash and Jaberghaderi, Nasrin and Ostovar, Rahim and Salmanian, Maryam and Zarafshan, Hadi and Nazari, Ali and Haghbin, Ali and Khalili, Mina Norozi (2021) Prevalence of elimination disorders and comorbid psychiatric disorders in Iranian children and adolescents. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC REHABILITATION MEDICINE, 14 (1). pp. 19-29.

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Currently, there is a paucity of studies on the prevalence of Elimination Disorders among Iranian children and adolescents. Due to the ongoing need to monitor the health status of these children and adolescents, the present study aims to investigate the prevalence of Elimination Disorders and comorbid disorders in Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 29,781 children and adolescents age 6 to 18 years old were selected and studied from all the provinces in Iran. The sampling was carried out by employing a multistage cluster sampling method, and several clinical psychologists using semi-structured interviews collected the data. Furthermore, clinical psychologists collected demographic information (including information about gender, age, place of residence, education level, and parental education level). The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. RESULTS: Generally, the prevalence of Elimination Disorders was found to be 5.4% covering both enuresis (p = 5.4, 95% CI = 5.1-5.7) and encopresis (p = 0.13, 95% CI = 0.09-0.2). The total prevalence of comorbid disorders was 38%, and among the comorbid disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (p = 11, 95% CI = 9.5-12.7) and Separation Anxiety (p = 10.6, 95% CI = 9.1-12.2) were the most prevalent. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of Elimination Disorders in Iranian children and adolescents is moderate compared to similar studies elsewhere. As for comorbid disorders, ADHD and Separation Anxiety were found to be the most prevalent disorders. Since Elimination Disorders coexist with psychiatric disorders in children, further studies of these comorbidities may give better insight into the treatment and prognosis of Elimination Disorders.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prevalence; Elimination Disorders; enuresis; encopresis; comorbid psychiatric disorders
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 31 May 2021 05:13
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 05:13
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9031

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