Comparative analysis of miRNA expressions in different developmental stages of Echinococcus granulosus in mono-phasic and di-phasic culture systems

Mortezaei, Seifollah and Afgar, Ali and Sadeghi, Balal and Mohammadi, Mohammad Ali and Mousavi, Seyed Mohammad and Fasihi Harandi, Majid (2020) Comparative analysis of miRNA expressions in different developmental stages of Echinococcus granulosus in mono-phasic and di-phasic culture systems. Infectious disorders drug targets. ISSN 1871-5265

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Abstract

Background: The dog tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus, is a zoonotic parasite affecting human and livestock across the globe. Basic research on the molecular biology and genetics of E. granulosus improves our understanding of the biology and potential drug targets in various developmental stages of E. granulosus in both definitive and intermediate hosts. There has been increasing interest in identification of microRNAs in parasitic organisms. The purpose of the current study was to compare the activity of a selected profile of miRNAs in different developmental stages of E. granulosus. Methods: Different developmental stages of the parasite were obtained from ex vivo as well as in vitro cultured E. granu-losus. MicroRNAs were extracted from the ex vivo germinal layer and invaginated protoscoleces as well as the in vitro gen-erated microcysts, evaginated protoscoleces and strobilated worms. Expression of the selected miRNAs was evaluated by RT-qPCR for each stage. Results: Four out of five miRNAs were present and active in different developmental stages of E. granulosus. A significant over-expression of miR-61 was observed in germinal layer and during the protoscolex transformation into the microcysts, however miR-10 was more expressed in the mature strobilated forms than the other stages. Let-7 and miR-3489 showed a high expression in germinal layer. Conclusion: Differential expression of four miRNAs among different in vitro and ex vivo developmental stages of E. granu-losus was documented in the present study. Further experimental investigations are required to elucidate the probable role of the miRNAs in bi-directional differentiation of protoscoleces either into the strobilated worm or to a secondary hydatid cyst and the potential of these miRNAs as drug targets. Keywords: Cultivation; Helminth infection; Hydatid disease; Microcyst; Small RNA; Strobilization.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Cell biology and genetics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Parasitology and Mycology
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2021 07:59
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2021 07:59
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8880

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