A potential hypothesis for 2019-nCoV infection therapy through delivery of recombinant ACE2 by red blood cell-hitchhiking

Aghili, Zahra Sadat and Mirzaei, Seyed Abbas and Banitalebi-Dehkordi, Mehdi (2020) A potential hypothesis for 2019-nCoV infection therapy through delivery of recombinant ACE2 by red blood cell-hitchhiking. Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki, 27 (1). ISSN 2241-5793

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1186/s40709-020-00129-y

Abstract

A novel infectious disease, caused by 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is responsible for the recent outbreak of severe respiratory disease. The 2019-nCoV spread rapidly and reaching epidemic proportions in many countries of the world. ACE2 was identified as a key receptor for 2019-nCoV infections. Excessive form of soluble ACE2 rescues cellular ACE2 activity which has a protective role in acute lung failure and neutralizes the virus. The short half-life of ACE2 is a major limitation to its practical application. Nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems are one of the most widely investigated approaches for developing novel therapies for a variety of diseases. Nevertheless, nanoparticles suffer from the rapid removal from the bloodstream by the reticuloendothelial system (RES). A noncovalent attachment of nanoparticles to RBCs increases their half-life in blood and allows transient accumulation in the lungs, while decreases their uptake by the liver and spleen. Connecting the recombinant ACE2 into the surface of nanoparticles that were attached to RBCs can be a potential therapeutic approach for 2019-nCoV infection through increasing their lung targeting to naturalize the virus and also acting as a bioreactor in the blood circulation to decrease serum level of Angiotensin II and protects lungs from injury/ARDS.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus diseases
Divisions: Faculty of Advanced Technologies > Department of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2020 09:34
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2020 09:34
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8770

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