Effect of hydroalcoholic Allium atroviolaceum L. on the pathology of testicular tissue in cyclophosphamide-treated mice

shahrani, mehrdad and asgharian, shirin and hosseini, alireza and bijad, elham and Anjomshoa, maryam and Rostamzadeh, ayoob and Asgharzadeh, najmeh and lorigooini, zahra (2020) Effect of hydroalcoholic Allium atroviolaceum L. on the pathology of testicular tissue in cyclophosphamide-treated mice. BioMedicine, 10 (3). pp. 25-32. ISSN 2211-8039

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.37796/2211-8039.1026

Abstract

Background: The most important side effects of Cyclophosphamide, as an anticancer broad-spectrum drug, are the negative effects on the reproduction and fertility because of oxidative stress. Considering the antioxidant properties of medicinal plants, especially those of the Allium genus, this paper studied the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Allium atroviolaceum L. on the pathology of testicular tissue in CP-treated mice. Methods: Groups of this experimental study consisted of normal saline recipients; three groups receiving A. atroviolaceum extract at 50, 100, 200 mg/kg; three groups receiving A. atroviolaceum extract at 50, 100, and 200 mg/g and 6.6 mg/kg of Cyclophosphamide; and a group given Cyclophosphamide at 1.6 mg/kg. All injections were performed intraperitoneally. After 30 days, the testicular histological profile as well as the number of spermatozoa, the number of primary and round spermatocytes, and the number of spermatogonia were investigated. Results: Cyclophosphamide treatment significantly reduced the lumen diameter, the seminiferous tubule diameter, the epithelial thickness, as well as decreased the quantity of spermatozoa and round and primary spermatocytes compared to the control group. Cyclophosphamide groups treated with A. atroviolaceum extract at 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg in a significant manner improved these variables (P < 0.001). Conclusion: A. atroviolaceum extract can significantly improve Cyclophosphamide-induced toxicity and pathological process on testicular tissue. It seems that this plant, with high antioxidant capacity, can be considered a complementary therapy for Cyclophosphamide to prevent undesirable effects on the reproductive system. Keywords:Cyclophosphamide; Allium atroviolaceum; Pathology; Testicular tissue

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
QU Biochemistry > Cell biology and genetics
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2020 09:17
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2020 05:08
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8716

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