Circulating levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Fadaei, Reza and Safari-Faramani, Roya and Rezaei, Mohammad and Ahmadi, Reza and Rostampour, Masoumeh and Moradi, Nariman and Khazaie, Habibolah (2020) Circulating levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep and Breathing. ISSN 15209512

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Abstract

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with an increased risk of developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Patients with OSA have increased levels of oxidative stress and several studies have shown higher levels of oxidative stress markers. Oxidized-LDL (Ox-LDL) is an important risk factor for ASCVD and a number of studies have measured its levels in patients with OSA, though results from these studies are conflicting. This meta-analysis aimed to reassess circulating levels of Ox-LDL in patients with OSA in comparison with controls. Methods: Studies evaluating Ox-LDL levels in patients with OSA and controls were explored in databases of PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and Web of Science. Two authors independently performed the search from January 1990 to February 2019. Two authors independently screened the studies according to title, abstract, and full text. In addition, the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was utilized to evaluate the quality of the studies. The impact of OSA on Ox-LDL levels was determined using the random effects model. Results: Of 195 articles retrieved, 98 were duplicates, 49 were excluded by title, 20 excluded by abstract, and 22 by full texts. Six eligible studies were included in the meta-analysis. Pooled analysis demonstrated that Ox-LDL increased in patients with OSA compared with controls. In addition, subgroup analysis revealed that studies matching age or BMI between OSA patients and controls showed no significant difference between patients with OSA and healthy controls, while unmatched studies had higher levels of Ox-LDL in patients with OSA in comparison with controls. Conclusion: This study demonstrated higher circulating concentrations of Ox-LDL in patients with OSA. However, no significant difference was found in studies in which patients and controls were matched for age and BMI, suggesting the involvement of these two confounding factors as a cause for elevated concentrations of circulating Ox-LDL in patients with OSA.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry
WV Otolaryngology
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Clinical Biochemistry Research Center
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 26 May 2020 07:21
Last Modified: 26 May 2020 07:21
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8511

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