Protective effects of pharmacological agents against aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicity: A systematic review

Mahi-Birjand, Motahareh and Yaghoubi, Sajad and Abdollahpour-Alitappeh, Meghdad and Keshtkaran, Zahra and Bagheri, Nader and Pirouzi, Aliyar and Khatami, Mehrdad and Sineh Sepehr, Koushan and Peymani, Payam and Karimzadeh, Iman (2020) Protective effects of pharmacological agents against aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicity: A systematic review. Expert Opinion on Drug Safety, 19 (2). pp. 167-186. ISSN 14740338

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Introduction: Aminoglycosides have been long used for antibacterial treatment and are still commonly used in clinical practice. Despite their extensive application and positive effects, drug-related toxicity is considered as the main obstacle for aminoglycosides. Aminoglycosides induce nephrotoxicity through the endocytosis and accumulation of the antibiotics in the epithelial cells of proximal tubule. Most importantly, however, a number of pharmacological agents were demonstrated to have protective activities against nephrotoxicity in experimental animals. Areas covered: In the present systematic review, the authors provide and discuss the mechanisms and epidemiological features of aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicity, and focus mainly on recent discoveries and key features of pharmacological interventions. In total, 39 articles were included in this review. Expert opinion: The majority of studies investigated gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in animal models. Antioxidants, chemicals, synthetic drugs, hormones, vitamins, and minerals showed potential values to prevent gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. Indicators used to evaluate the effectiveness of nephroprotection included antioxidative indexes, inflammatory responses, and apoptotic markers. Among the nephroprotective agents studied, herbs and natural antioxidant agents showed excellent potential to provide a protective strategy against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: acetylcysteine; alpha intermedin; alpha tocopherol; aminoglycoside; aminoguanidine; angiotensin receptor antagonist; ascorbic acid; atorvastatin; caffeic acid phenethyl ester; calcium; curcumin; ebselen; eugenol; hydrogen sulfide; lycopene; melatonin; natural product; pentoxifylline; protective agent; quercetin; rosmarinic acid; selenium; silymarin; tetramethylpyrazine; aminoglycoside; antiinfective agent; gentamicin; protective agent, Allium; Allium paradoxum; Arthrospira platensis; beetroot; black cumin; Ebenaceae; Euclea divinorum; ginseng; human; Moringa oleifera; nephrotoxicity; nonhuman; olive; plant leaf; pomegranate; renal protection; Review; tea; animal; kidney disease, Aminoglycosides; Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Gentamicins; Humans; Kidney Diseases; Protective Agents
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Cell biology and genetics
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Cellular and Molecular Research Center
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 27 May 2020 04:42
Last Modified: 27 May 2020 04:42

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