Chemical constituents of Allium stipitatum regel (persian shallot) essential oil

Fasihzadeh, Sheida. and Lorigooini, Zahra. and Jivad, Nahid. (2016) Chemical constituents of Allium stipitatum regel (persian shallot) essential oil. Der Pharmacia Lettre, 8 (1). pp. 175-180.


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A. stipitatum (Synonym: A. hirtifolium) or Persian shallot from Amaryllidaceae family with indigenous name of ''Mooseer'' is one of the important edible Alliums in Iran. It is native and endemic from northwestern to southern of Iran and grows as a wild plant in the Zagross Mountains at high elevations of different provinces with the climate of very cold to moderate cold. In this study, essential oil constituents of A. stipitatum were investigated through gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technique. After obtaining the chromatograms and mass spectra, the essential compounds of the essential oil were determined. As shown 1-Butene,1-(methylthio)-(Z) (18.21%), Methyl methylthiomethyl disulfide (8.41%), Dimethyl tetrasulfide (6.47%), Piperitenone oxide (4.55%) were the most abundant components and comprised 37.64% of the essential oil (Figure 1). While 2,5-Diethylthiophene (0.07%) and n-Nonanal (0.06%) were detected in lower amounts. The presence of compounds showed mono-sulfur (22.42%), disulfide (1.81%), tri-sulfur (13.57%) and tetra-sulfur compounds (6.47%). The results indicated that the highest amount of sulfur compounds is related to mono-sulfur compounds.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 6
Uncontrolled Keywords: Allium stipitatum, Amaryllidaceae, Chemical composition, Essential oil, GC/MS
Subjects: QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Neurological Diseases
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2017 07:08
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2018 07:05

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