The impact of miR‐183/182/96 gene regulation on the maturation, survival, and function of photoreceptor cells in the retina

Amini‐Farsani, Zeinab and Asgharzade, Samira (2020) The impact of miR‐183/182/96 gene regulation on the maturation, survival, and function of photoreceptor cells in the retina. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 528 (9). pp. 1616-1625. ISSN 0021-9967

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Abstract

MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) play important roles in posttranscriptional processes to regulate gene expression. MiRNAs control various biological processes, such as growth, development, and differentiation. The continuous physiological function of photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium requires precise regulation to maintain their homeostasis and function; hence, these cells are highly susceptible to premature death in retinal degenerative disorders. MiRNAs are essential for the retinal cell maturation and function; the miR-183 cluster represents one of the most important regulatory factors for the photoreceptor cells. Various studies together with bioinformatics analyses have shown that many genes contributing to the differentiation pathway of photoreceptors are targets of the miR-183 cluster, and the miR-183 cluster dysregulation causes certain defects in the differentiation of the photoreceptors and other retinal neurons by influencing the expression of target genes. Misexpression of miR-183 cluster in the human retinal epithelial cells leads to the reprogramming and transformation of these cells to neuron- and photoreceptor-like cells, which are associated with the expression of neuron- and photoreceptor-specific markers in human retinal pigment epitheliums cells. The knockout of this cluster causes the destruction of the outer segment of the photoreceptors, which subsequently causes the cells to exhibit severe susceptibility to light and eventually degenerate. Hundreds of target genes in this family are likely to affect the development and maintenance of the retina. Identifying the genes that are regulated by the miRNA-183 cluster provides researchers with important insights into the complex development and regeneration mechanism of the retina and may offer a new way for maintaining and regenerating photoreceptor cells in neurodegenerative diseases.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Cell biology and genetics
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Cellular and Molecular Research Center
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 19 May 2020 07:45
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2020 04:12
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8424

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