Oxidative stress, inflammatory reactions and apoptosis mediated the negative effect of chronic stress induced by maternal separation on the reproductive system in male mice

Khodamoradi, Kajal and Amini-Khoei, Hossein and Khosravizadeh, Zahra and Hosseini, Seyed Reza and Dehpour, Ahmad Reza and Hassanzadeh, Gholamreza (2019) Oxidative stress, inflammatory reactions and apoptosis mediated the negative effect of chronic stress induced by maternal separation on the reproductive system in male mice. Reproductive Biology, 19 (4). ISSN 1642431X

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Abstract

Exposure to severe and long-lasting stressors during early postnatal life negatively affects development of the brain and associated biological networks. Maternal separation (MS) is a valid stressful experience in early life that adversely affects neurobiological circuits. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of MS on sperm quality and histology of the testis in adult male mice. In this study, male mice were subjected to MS during post-natal days (PND) 2–14. Sperm parameters, histological alterations in the testicular tissue, ROS production (using DCFH-DA assay), gene expression of TLR4, NLRP3, TNFα, BAX, ASC, caspase-1 and BCL-2 (using RT-PCR), protein levels of caspase-3 and caspase-8 (using western blotting), and protein levels of IL-1β, IL-18, GPx and ATP (using ELISA) as well as protein expression of caspase-1 and NLRP3 (using immunocytochemistry) were evaluated. Findings showed that MS decreased count, morphology and viability of spermatozoa. MS decreased the diameter of seminiferous tubules and decreased the thickness of seminiferous epithelium. Furthermore, MS increased the level of ROS production and decreased the concentrations of GPx and ATP. MS led to increased expression of TLR4, NlRP3, TNFα, caspase-1, ASC, IL-1β and IL-18. In addition, MS induced apoptosis as evidenced by increased BAX, caspase-3 and caspase-8 as well as decreased BCL-2 expression. We concluded that early life stress induced by MS has detrimental effects on sperm parameters and testicular tissue. Our results suggest that these effects are mediated by activation of ROS production, and alterations in mitochondrial function, inflammatory processes and apoptosis pathways. keywords: ApoptosisInflammationMale miceMaternal separation stressOxidative stressReproductive system

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 10 May 2020 04:43
Last Modified: 10 May 2020 04:43
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8220

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