GJB2-related hearing loss in central Iran: Review of the spectrum and frequency of gene mutations

Koohiyan, Mahbobeh and Koohian, Farideh and Azadegan-Dehkordi, Fatemeh (2020) GJB2-related hearing loss in central Iran: Review of the spectrum and frequency of gene mutations. Annals of Human Genetics, 84 (2). ISSN 00034800

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Abstract

Mutations in the GJB2 gene are a main cause of autosomal-recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) in many populations. Previous studies have estimated the average frequency of GJB2 mutations to be ∼16% in Iran, but would vary among different ethnic groups. Here, we have taken together and reviewed results from our two previous publications and data from searching other published mutation reports to provide a comprehensive collection of data for GJB2 mutations and HL in central Iran. In all, 332 unrelated families were included and analyzed for the prevalence and type of the GJB2 gene mutations. In total, the frequency of GJB2 mutations was found to be 16% in the central provinces, which is significantly higher than those identified in southern populations of Iran. Also, c.35delG was the most frequent mutation in the related population. The present study suggests that mutations in the GJB2 gene, especially c.35delG, are important causes of HL in central Iran and can be used as a basis of genetic counseling and clinical guidelines in this region. keywords: clinical guidelines, GJB2, Iranian population, nonsyndromic hearing loss

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Cell biology and genetics
WV Otolaryngology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > School of Medicine
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2020 04:28
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2020 04:28
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8176

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