Effects of a Designed Discharge Plan on Anxiety and Length of Hospital Stay in Patients Undergoing Heart Valve Replacement

Etemadifar, Shahram and Shafiei, Esmail and Masoudi, Reza and Sadeghi, Amir Mir Mohammad and Ahmadi, Ali and Hadian Jazi, Zahra (2019) Effects of a Designed Discharge Plan on Anxiety and Length of Hospital Stay in Patients Undergoing Heart Valve Replacement. Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery, 8 (1).

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Anxiety is the most common issue in the candidates of surgical heart valve replacement. The length of hospital stay in these patients is economically and organizationally important as a predictor of their recovery from acute physical conditions. The present study aimed to assess the effects of a designed discharge plan on anxiety and length of hospital stay in patients undergoing heart valve replacement. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 65 candidates of heart valve replacement in Chamran Hospital in Isfahan, Iran, who were randomly divided into the intervention and control groups. In the intervention group, the designed discharge plan was implemented and continued one month after discharge via phone follow-up. Length of hospital stay and anxiety were analyzed before the intervention and one and three months after discharge in both groups in SPSS. Results: ANOVA indicated that the mean anxiety in the study groups was significantly different at different times (P<0.001), while three months after discharge, mean anxiety was significantly lower in the intervention group compared to the control group. Independent t-test showed no significant difference in the mean hospital stay between the groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: The designed discharge plan reduced anxiety in the patients, while its effect on the length of hospital stay requires further investigation. Therefore, it is recommended that the discharge program be used as an effective approach to maintaining care in patients undergoing heart valve replacement. Keywords: Discharge Plan, Anxiety, Hospitalization, Heart Valve Replacement

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
WM Psychiatry
WY Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery > Department of Nursing - Medical Surgical
Depositing User: zeynab . bagheri
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2020 09:19
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2020 09:19
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8094

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