Prevention of contrast-associated acute kidney injury in cancer patients undergoing radiologic investigation using contrast media; a short-review to current knowledge

Dayani, Mohammad Ali and Mirzazadeh, Azin (2019) Prevention of contrast-associated acute kidney injury in cancer patients undergoing radiologic investigation using contrast media; a short-review to current knowledge. Journal of Nephropathology.

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Abstract

Contrast agents are non-biologically active substances required for various diagnostic imaging procedures. Exposure to contrast materials, predispose some patients to renal disturbances entitled as contrast-associated acute kidney injury. Nephropathy of contrast medium is a deterioration of renal function which happens within 24 to 72 hours after iodinated contrast medium injection. Cancer individuals have several risk factors for contrast-associated acute renal failure, consisting of administration of chemotherapy regimen, which are mainly nephrotoxic, presence of diabetes or chronic renal failure, hypertension, taking of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, simultaneous use of nephrotoxic drugs, aminoglycosides, cisplatin, cyclosporine A or amphotericin B, increases the risk of contrast-associated acute renal failure. Similarly, age more than 65 years old and anemia is an independent risk factor for contrast-associated acute kidney injury and also timing of CT within 45 days after last chemotherapy and low fluid intake, as the common risk factors in cancer individuals.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
WN Radiology . Diagnostic Imaging
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Radiology
Depositing User: marzieye nazari .
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2019 11:15
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019 11:15
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8053

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