Genetics of Hearing Loss in North Iran Population: An Update of Spectrum and Frequency of GJB2 Mutations

Koohiyan, Mahbobeh and Azadegan-Dehkordi, Fatemeh and Koohian, Farideh and Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori, Morteza (2019) Genetics of Hearing Loss in North Iran Population: An Update of Spectrum and Frequency of GJB2 Mutations. JOURNAL OF AUDIOLOGY AND OTOLOGY.

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Abstract

Diagnosis of pre-lingual hearing loss (HL) is difficult owing to the high number of genes responsible. The most frequent cause of HL is DFNB1 due to mutations in the GJB2 gene. It represents up to 40% of HL cases in some populations. In Iran, it has previously been shown that DFNB1 accounts for 16-18% of cars but varies among different ethnic groups. Here, we reviewed results from our three previous publications and data from other published mutation reports to provide a comprehensive collection of data for GJB2 mutations and HL in northern Iran. In total, 903 unrelated families from six different provinces, viz., Gilan, Mazandaran, Golestan, Ghazvin, Semnan, and Tehran, were included and analyzed for the type and prevalence of GJB2 mutations. A total of 23 different genetic variants were detected from which 18 GJB2 mutations were identified. GJB2 mutations were 20.7% in the studied northern provinces, which was significantly higher than that reported in southern populations of Iran. Moreover, a gradient in the frequency of GJB2 mutations from north to south Iran was observed. c.35delG was the most common mutation, accounting for 58.4% of the cases studied. This study suggests that c.35delG mutation in GJB2 is the most important cause of HL in northern Iran. Keywords Author Keywords:Genetic counseling; Gap junction protein beta 2; Hearing loss; GJB2 insertion KeyWords Plus:CONGENITAL DEAFNESS; PREVALENCE; FAMILIES; GENES; IDENTIFICATION; IMPAIRMENT; 35DELG; ARNSHL; SOUTH

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Cell biology and genetics
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Cellular and Molecular Research Center
Depositing User: marzieye nazari .
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2019 05:34
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2019 05:34
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7985

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