Poly-l-lactic acid scaffold incorporated chitosan-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles as pH-sensitive composite for enhanced osteogenic differentiation of human adipose tissue stem cells by dexamethasone delivery

Porgham Daryasari, Mohammad and Dusti Telgerd, Mehdi and Karami, Mohammad Hossein and Karimi-Zandi, Ali and Akbarijavar, Hamid and Khoobi, Mehdi and Seyedjafari, Ehsan and Birhanu, Gebremariam and Khosravian, Pegah and Mahdavi, Fatemeh Sadat (2019) Poly-l-lactic acid scaffold incorporated chitosan-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles as pH-sensitive composite for enhanced osteogenic differentiation of human adipose tissue stem cells by dexamethasone delivery. ARTIFICIAL CELLS NANOMEDICINE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY.

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Abstract

Nowadays, the development of drug-loaded electrospun organic-inorganic composite scaffolds for tissue engineering application is an attractive approach. In this study, a composite scaffold of Poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) incorporated dexamethasone (Dexa) loaded Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles (MSN) coated with Chitosan (CS) were fabricated by electrospinning for bone tissue engineering application. The MSN was prepared by precipitation method. After that, Dexamethasone (Dexa) was loaded into MSNs (MSN-Dexa). In the following, CS was coated over the prepared nanoparticles to form MSN-Dexa@CS and then, were mixed to PLLA solution to form MSN-Dexa@CS/PLLA composite for electrospinning. The surface morphology, hydrophilicity, tensile strength and the bioactivity of the scaffolds were characterized. The osteogenic proliferation and differentiation potential were evaluated by MTT assay and by measuring the basic osteogenic markers: the activity of the enzyme alkaline phosphatase and the level of calcium deposition. The composite scaffolds prepared here have conductive surface property and have a better osteogenic potential than pure PLLA scaffolds. Hence, the controlled release of nanoparticle containing Dexa from composite scaffold supported the osteogenesis and made the composite scaffolds ideal candidates for bone tissue engineering application and pH-sensitive delivery of drugs at the site of implantation in tissue regeneration. Keywords Author Keywords:Mesoporous silica nanoparticles; electrospinning; Poly-l-lactic acid; chitosan; dexamethasone; composite scaffold; bone tissue engineering KeyWords Plus:DRUG-DELIVERY; BONE; SYSTEM; NANOFIBERS; SURFACE; POLY(L-LACTIDE); PROLIFERATION; CARTILAGE; RELEASE; PEPTIDE

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal system
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: marzieye nazari .
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2019 05:01
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2019 05:02
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7982

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