The effect of endurance training intensity on the expression of perlipin-A protein of visceral adipose tissue, serum glucose and insulin levels in STZ-induced diabetic rats

Ghaedi H, H and Faramarzi M, M and Ghatreh Samani K, K and Azamian Jazi A, A and Banitalebi E, E (2018) The effect of endurance training intensity on the expression of perlipin-A protein of visceral adipose tissue, serum glucose and insulin levels in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, 20 (3).

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Abstract

Background and aims: Changes in the expression of lipid droplet adipocyte proteins, such as prelipipin A (PLINA) cause alter lipolysis and insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to compare the three endurance training intensities (low, moderate and high) on the expression of PLINA protein in visceral adipose tissue, serum glucose and insulin levels in male diabetic Wistar rats. Methods: 40 male Wistar rats were assigned to five groups (n=8) including diabetic group with low intensity endurance training, moderate intensity group, high intensity group, diabetic and healthy control groups. After induction of diabetic rats by injection of streptozotocin, endurance training was performed with different intensities for eight weeks, three sessions per week. The relative expression of PLINA protein was measured by western blot technique. One-way variance analysis and Tukey's post hoc test were used to determine the difference between the groups. Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between PLINA levels in healthy and diabetic control groups with endurance training groups (with low, moderate and high intensity) (P=0.018). These differences were between low intensity training and healthy control groups (P=0.033) and between diabetic and healthy control groups (P=0.020). Serum glucose and insulin levels were significantly different between the diabetic control and endurance training groups (low, moderate and high) (P=0.001). This difference was between high-intensity training group with low intensity training (P=0.046), diabetic control (P=0.001) and healthy control (P=0.011) groups. Conclusion: Moderate and high intensity endurance training can compensate for the loss caused by diabetes in the expression of the PLINA protein and reduces serum levels of insulin and glucose in these mice. It seems that more intensity endurance training leads to more increase in PLINA expression in diabetic rats.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PLINA, Endurance training, Visceral adipose tissue, Diabetes
Subjects: QS Human Anatomy
QS Human Anatomy
university Structure > QS Human Anatomy

WD Nutrition Disease and metabolic diseases
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email nazari@skums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2019 06:19
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2019 06:20
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7861

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