Role of CT scan in theranostic and management of traumatic spinal cord injury

Fatehi, D. and Dayani, M.A. and Rostamzadeh, A. (2016) Role of CT scan in theranostic and management of traumatic spinal cord injury. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences.

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Abstract

Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a condition with suffering of neural structures from acute trauma with short-term or permanent sensory and motor problems. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence of TSCI in Tehran with emphasis on demographic characteristics of patients and to evaluate the effect of computed tomography (CT) in determining fracture type and severity grade of injury among TSCI patients. In a cross-sectional study, all TSCI and spinal fracture patients (N = 520) who referred to the main trauma center in Tehran, Iran, in 2013 and 2014 were selected. Radiography and CT scan were prepared and reported blindedly by two radiologists. Majority of the patients was 21-30. years male, married and their most common occupation was car driver. A significant difference was observed between gender and etiology (P = 0.001). The main etiology was traffic accident followed by falling from height. While the most common location of injury for males was thoracic vertebrae followed by lumbar vertebrae; for females it was lumbar followed by thoracic. Majority of patients had ASIA (American Spinal Injury Association) impairment scale of E (normal), followed by B (sensory incomplete). Most of the cases were hospitalized less than one week. Age of the patient and duration of hospitalization had a significant association (P = 0.015). The results showed that in traumatic spinal cord events, traffic accident and falling from height are the main etiologies; hence, authorities in Iranian health system could consider preventive policies to decline the load and TSCI effects in hospitals and population.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0; Article in Press
Uncontrolled Keywords: CT وSpinal cordو Spineو Trauma
Subjects: WL Nervous system
WN Radiology . Diagnostic Imaging
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Anatomy (Histology and Embryology
Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Medical Physics
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Radiology
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 08:40
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2017 08:40
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/762

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