Identification of clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii from Iran and study of their heterogeneity

Sadeghi, P. and Khosravi, A.D. and Hashemi Shahraki, A. and Beiranvand, M. (2016) Identification of clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii from Iran and study of their heterogeneity. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, 79 (7). pp. 382-386.

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Abstract

Background Acinetobacter baumannii has become one of the most serious causative agents of nosocomial infections due to its significant ability to survive on hospital surfaces. It is mainly an emerging opportunistic pathogen infecting patients in intensive care units. This study was aimed to identify the clinical isolates of A. baumannii and to investigate their heterogeneity using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based typing methods. Methods A total of 197 nonduplicate isolates recovered from a wide range of clinical samples were subjected to conventional cultural and biochemical tests. For those isolates that were preliminary identified as A. baumannii, rpoB-based PCR with subsequent restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) using two restriction enzymes (TagI and HaeIII) was performed to investigate the genetic diversity of the strains and their presumptive relationships with different clinical presentation of the disease caused by this pathogen. Results In total, 50 isolates (25.4%) were identified as A. baumannii using conventional phenotypic methods with subsequent confirmation by rpoB sequencing. RFLP analysis demonstrated five different restriction enzyme patterns, designated as A–E clusters. Most A. baumannii isolates were categorized under Cluster A (32%). We found no significant relationship between clinical presentation and the clustering of the isolates. Conclusion This study showed that the rpoB region possesses high discriminatory power to identify the isolates to the species level. This marker showed high interspecies variability that might be useful for strain typing. The results also suggest the possibility of the existence of a predominant clone of A. baumannii among infected patients in Iran.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acinetobacter baumanniiو heterogeneityو nosocomial infectionsو rpoB
Subjects: WA Public Health
WC Communicable Diseases
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Clinical Biochemistry Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 07:46
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2017 07:46
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/758

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