Relationship between Religious Orientation, Anxiety, and Depression among College Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Forouhari, Sedighe and Hosseini Teshnizi, Saeed and Ehrampoush, Mohammad Hasan and Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Seyed Saeed and Fallahzadeh, Hossein (2019) Relationship between Religious Orientation, Anxiety, and Depression among College Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 48 (1).

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Abstract

Background: Religious obligation helps people to develop mental health by creating internal commitment to special rules. This meta-analysis aimed to determine the relationship between religious orientation and anxiety among college students. Methods: Major scientific databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, EBSCO, ProQuest and PsycINFO were searched for original research articles published 1987-2016. A random effect model was used to combine Correlation coefficient. All analyses were performed using Stata MP. Results: After screening of 7235 documents, 13 articles including 5620 participants met inclusion criteria in this meta-analysis. Correlation coefficient was -0.08 (95% CI= -0.19, -0.03) which indicated with increasing religious orientation, anxiety and depression reduced (P<0.001). Characteristics such as sex, geographic region, and type of religions were potential sources of heterogeneity. Based on fill-and-trim method the adjusted pooled r was obtained, -0.06 (95% CI= -0.16, -0.04). Conclusion: There was a weakness relationship between religious orientation and mental anxiety and depression. Therefore, it needs to improve knowledge of student about advantages of religious orientation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Religious orientation, Anxiety, Depression, Meta-analysis
Subjects: WA Public Health
WL Nervous system
WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Psychiatry
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email nazari@skums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2019 05:31
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2019 09:14
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7521

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