Preparation of controlled porosity activated carbon from walnut shell for phenol adsorption

Akbarzadeh, A and Arbabi, M and Hemati, S (2019) Preparation of controlled porosity activated carbon from walnut shell for phenol adsorption. Desalination and Water Treatment, 130.

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Phenol and its derivatives constitute widespread water pollutants. They have been found to accelerate tumor formation, cancer, and mutation. In this paper, walnut shell residue has been used as a raw material in preparation of powder activated carbon by the method of chemical activation with zinc chloride for the adsorption of phenol from dilute aqueous solutions. The influence of the mass impregnation ratio (R = ZnCl2 /walnut shell) and physical activation by the CO2 stream on the physical and chemical properties of the prepared carbons was examined. The effects of main parameters such as contact time (t), initial phenol concentration (Co), and solution’s pH were studied on phenol adsorption. The maximum uptake of phenol at 25°C was 214 mg g–1 at pH near phenol pKa and Co = 1,000 mg L–1. All data were fitted well with Langmuir isotherm, but after CO2 modification, deviation from Langmuir shows that both physical and chemical adsorption occurred during adsorption. The kinetic data were fitted to different models such as pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and diffusion model. Pseudo-second-order model has been chosen as the best model. In overall, walnut shell shows excellent adaptive characteristics for the removal of phenol and appears as a very promising sorbent due to its high uptake capacity and to its low cost. © 2018 Desalination Publications

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Activated carbon, Adsorption, Phenol, Walnut shell
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of pharmacology
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2018 09:53
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2019 08:19

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