Assessment of expression of interferon γ (IFN-G) gene and its antisense (IFNG-AS1) in breast cancer

Yaghoobi, Hajar and Azizi, Hakim and Kholghi Oskooe, Vahid and Taheri, Mohammad and Ghafouri-Fard, oudeh (2018) Assessment of expression of interferon γ (IFN-G) gene and its antisense (IFNG-AS1) in breast cancer. World J Surg Oncol.

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Abstract

Background The role of long non-coding RNAs has been extensively appreciated in the contexts of cancer. Interferon γ-antisense RNA1 (IFNG-AS1) is an lncRNA located near to IFN-γ-encoding (IFNG) gene and regulates expression of IFNG in Th1 cells. Methods In the present study, we evaluated expression of IFNG and IFNG-AS1 in 108 breast samples including tumoral tissues and their adjacent non-cancerous tissues (ANCTs) using real-time PCR. IFNG-AS1 was significantly upregulated in tumoral tissues compared with ANCTs (expression ratio = 2.23, P = 0.03). Results Although the expression of IFNG was higher in tumoral tissues compared with ANCTs (relative expression = 1.89), it did not reach the level of significance (P = 0.07). IFNG expression was significantly higher in HER2-negative tumoral tissues compared with HER2-positive ones (P = 0.01) and in grade 1 samples compared with grade 2 ones (P = 0.03). No other significant difference was found in expressions of genes between other groups. Conclusion Significant strong correlations were detected between expression of IFNG and IFNG-AS1 in both tumoral tissues and ANCTs. The present study provides evidences for participation of IFNG and IFNG-AS1 in the pathogenesis of breast cancer and warrants future studies to elaborate the underlying mechanism.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Breast cancer, IFNG, IFNG-AS1
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
WP Gynecology
QZ pathology-Neoplasms
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email zamani.m@skums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2018 05:13
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2018 05:13
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7363

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