Introduction to Competing Risk Model in the Epidemiological Research

Alipour, Abbas and Shokri, Abolghasem and Yasari, Fatemeh and Khodakarim, Soheila (2018) Introduction to Competing Risk Model in the Epidemiological Research. International Journal of Epidemiologic Research, 5 (3).

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Background and aims: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health challenge worldwide, with adverse consequences of kidney failure, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and premature death. The CKD leads to the end-stage of renal disease (ESRD) if late/not diagnosed. Competing risk modeling is a major issue in epidemiology research. In epidemiological study, sometimes, inappropriate methods (i.e. Kaplan-Meier method) have been used to estimate probabilities for an event of interest in the presence of competing risks. In these situations, competing risk analysis is preferred to other models in survival analysis studies. The purpose of this study was to describe the bias resulting from the use of standard survival analysis to estimate the survival of a patient with ESRD and to provide alternate statistical methods considering the competing risk. Methods: In this retrospective study, 359 patients referred to the hemodialysis department of Shahid Ayatollah Ashrafi Esfahani hospital in Tehran, and underwent continuous hemodialysis for at least three months. Data were collected through patient’s medical history contained in the records (during 2011-2017). To evaluate the effects of research factors on the outcome, cause-specific hazard model and competing risk models were fitted. The data were analyzed using Stata (a general-purpose statistical software package) software, version 14 and SPSS software, version 21, through descriptive and analytical statistics. Results: The median duration of follow-up was 3.12 years and mean age at ESRD diagnosis was 66.47 years old. Each year increase in age was associated with a 98% increase in hazard of death. In this study, statistical analysis based on the competing risk model showed that age, age of diagnosis, level of education (under diploma), and body mass index (BMI) were significantly associated with death (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.98, P < 0.001, HR = 0.99, P < 0.001, HR = 2.66, P = 0.008, and HR = 0.98, P < 0.020, respectively). Conclusion: In analysis of competing risk data, it was found that providing both the results of the event of interest and those of competing risks were of importance. The Cox model, which ignored the competing risks, presented the different estimates and results as compared to the proportional sub-distribution hazards model. Thus, it was revealed that in the analysis of competing risks data, the sub-distribution proportion hazards model was more appropriate than the Cox model.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Competing risk, Survival analysis, Epidemiological research
Subjects: WA Public Health
WC Communicable Diseases
QW Microbiology and Immunology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2018 05:55
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2018 05:55

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