Prevalence of Home Smoking Bans and its Determinants in Families with Infants

Baheiraei, Azam and Ghasab Shirazi, Morvarid and Raisi Dehkordi, Ziba and Rahimi Foroushani, Abbas and Nedjat, Saharnaz (2018) Prevalence of Home Smoking Bans and its Determinants in Families with Infants. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS-MASHHAD.

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Abstract

Background Exposure to cigarette smoke has numerous health risks for infants and children. Home smoking ban is a simple way to reduce the detrimental impacts of cigarette smoke. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking bans in homes as well as associated factors in families with infants in Tehran, Iran. Materials and Methods This study was a population-based cross-sectional survey on 1,112 families with infants, selected through stratified-cluster sampling. In this study, a researcher made questionnaire including four parts: sociodemographic characteristics, smoking status, smoking restrictions, and parental awareness and belief, was completed. The multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the relationship between smoking bans in homes and associated factors. Results Complete smoking ban in homes was 37.3%. In the multivariable logistic regression, cigarette smoking ban in homes was significantly higher for employed mothers (odds ratio [OR] = 3.03, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.2-7.2, P<0.001), for those who did not have any smoker friends or relatives (OR = 2.3, 95% CI: 1.3-4.4, P<0.001), for those smoking a smaller number of cigarettes (OR = 2.7, 95% CI: 1.4-5.3, P=0.003), and for parents who concurred with the impacts of thirdhand cigarette smoke on infant health (OR = 4.7, 95% CI: 1.4-14.9, P<0.001). Conclusion This study indicates that complete smoking ban is not established in many households with infants in Iran. Furthermore, it is necessary to perform health interventions for reducing infant exposure to cigarette smoke, while considering the factors associated with smoking ban. Keywords

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: COUNTRY SURVEY; ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO-SMOKE; SECONDHAND SMOKE, FREE POLICIES, EXPOSURE, CHILDREN, HOUSEHOLDS, CHINA, RESTRICTIONS, ATTITUDES
Subjects: WA Public Health
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email zamani.m@skums.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2018 09:06
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2018 09:06
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7212

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