The epidemiology of Candida species isolated from urinary tract infections

Salehi, Mohammad. and Ghasemian, Abdolmajid. and Shokouhi Mostafavi, Seyyed Khalil. and Nojoomi, Farshad. and Ashiani, Danial. and Rajabi Vardanjani, Hassan. (2016) The epidemiology of Candida species isolated from urinary tract infections. Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases, 11 (4).

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Abstract

Candida spp. are members of a genus, including closely related fungal species that cause a variety of infections. Objectives: The aim of this study was the isolation of various Candida species from vulvovaginitis and urethra of patients in Neyshabur, Northeast Iran from 2013 to 2015. Methods: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study was performed to identify Candida spp. causing vulvovaginitis and Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) at a referral laboratory in Neyshabur district, Khorasan Razavi Province. A total of 451 vaginal and midstream urine samples were collected. Ten micro-liters of each specimen was cultured on CHROM agar plates and then incubated at 37°C for 24 to 48 hours, aerobically. Candida species were identified based on colony morphology, germ tube production and micro-morphology on corn meal agar including 1% Tween 80. Results: The mean age of the patients was 34.7_16.3. Candida albicans was the predominant species isolated. Moreover, age groups of 21 to 30 and 0 to 1 years were the most and the least infected individuals. Moreover, Candida spp. were significantly morecommon in females compared to males (P value < 0.001). It was demonstrated that the prevalence of C. albicans had significantly declined from 2013-2014 to 2015. Furthermore, the prevalence of C. tropicalis was significantly higher in 2014 compared to 2013 and 2015. Moreover, all the species had a colony count of > 103. Conclusions: In this study, C. albicans was the most common species isolated from patients with vulvovaginitis and UTI, and significantly more common amongst females compared to males. The prevalence of candida spp. had significantly declined from 2013 to 2015. Moreover, the candida spp. counts were mostly higher than 103cfu/mL.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Candida species, Iran, Neyshabur, Urinary tract infections
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Microbiology
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2017 08:33
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 07:34
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/718

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