Evaluation of the Effects of Photobiomodulation on Partial Osteotomy in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in Rats

Ghoreishi, Seyed Kamran. and Mostafavinia, Ataroalsadat. and Farahani, Reza Masteri. and Abdollahifar, Mohammad-Amin. and Ghatreh samani, Mahdi. (2018) Evaluation of the Effects of Photobiomodulation on Partial Osteotomy in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in Rats. PHOTOMEDICINE AND LASER SURGERY, 36 (8).

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Objective: We examined the effects of photobiomodulation (PBM) on stereological parameters, and gene expression of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteocalcin, and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) in repairing tissue of tibial bone defect in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM) in rats during catabolic response of fracture healing. Background data: There were conflicting results regarding the efficacy of PBM on bone healing process in healthy and diabetic animals. Materials and methods: Forty-eight rats have been distributed into four groups: group 1 (healthy control, no TIDM and no PBM), group 2 (healthy test, no TIDM and PBM), group 3 (diabetic control, TIDM and no PBM), and group 4 (diabetic test, no TIDM and PBM). TIDM was induced in the groups 3 and 4. A partial bone defect in tibia was made in all groups. The bone defects of groups second and fourth were irradiated by a laser (890nm, 80Hz, 1.5J/cm(2)). Thirty days after the surgery, all bone defects were extracted and were submitted to stereological examination and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: PBM significantly increased volumes of total callus, total bone, bone marrow, trabecular bone, and cortical bone, and the numbers of osteocytes and osteoblasts of callus in TIDM rats compared to those of callus in diabetic control. In addition, TIDM increased RUNX2, and osteocalcin in callus of tibial bone defect compared to healthy group. PBM significantly decreased osteocalcin gene expression in TIDM rats. Conclusions: PBM significantly increased many stereological parameters of bone repair in an STZ-induced TIDM during catabolic response of fracture healing. Further RT-PCR test demonstrated that bone repair was modulated in diabetic rats during catabolic response of fracture healing by significant increase in mRNA expression of RUNX2, and osteocalcin compared to healthy control rats. PBM also decreased osteocalcin mRNA expression in TIDM rats.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: photobiomodulation; low-level laser therapy; diabetes mellitus; osteotomy; stereology; real-time polymerase chain reaction; rat
Subjects: WD Nutrition Disease and metabolic diseases
QT physiology > physics.mathematics.engineering
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Cellular and Molecular Research Center
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2018 05:54
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2018 05:54
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7145

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