The Effect of Orem Self-Care on Mental Health of Patients With Thalassemia Major

Maraghi, Elham. and Adavi, Ahmad and Madmoli, Yaghoob. and Akhaghi dezfuli, Seyed Mehrsahad and Heidari-Soureshjani, Reza. and Madmoli, Mostafa. (2018) The Effect of Orem Self-Care on Mental Health of Patients With Thalassemia Major. Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery, 4 (3).

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Abstract

Background and Aims Mental health and quality of life of the patients with thalassemia due to multiple physical, psychological, economic and social problems of this chronic disease is low. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Orem self-care on the mental health of patients with thalassemia major. Methods This study was quasi-experimental with pretest posttest design. The study population included all patients with beta thalassemia living in Dezful City, Iran in 2015. Of them, 80 people after obtaining informed consent, were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly divided into two groups of 40 people in the intervention and control group. The relevant data were collected through the SF-36 questionnaire and the training package based on Orem self-care framework. The obtained data were analyzed using SPSS-22 and GEE (Generalized Estimating Equation) models. Results The results showed a significant difference in the level of mental health in the pretest and posttest among patients with thalassemia (P<0.005). The mean (SD) mental health score in the intervention group before the start of the self-care model was 74.32(3.23) and three months after the intervention was 79.08(2.34). This proves the positive effect of education on self-care pattern of Oram on the mental health of patients with thalassemia. Conclusion With the proper training of Orem self-care to patients with beta-thalassemia major, their mental health can be elevated and reduce the psychological burden of the disease. Therefore, this method can be more effective if it is used as a simple and low-cost supplemental non-pharmacologic supplement for patients with thalassemia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Self-care, Mental health, Beta-thalassemia major
Subjects: WA Public Health
WH Hemic and Lymphatic System
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery
Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2018 11:18
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2018 11:18
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7079

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