The effect of organic manure and chemical fertilizer on essential oil, chemical compositions and antioxidant activity of dill (Anethum graveolens) in sole and intercropped with soybean (Glycine max)

Rostaei, Maryam. and Fallah, sina. and Lorigooini, Zahra. and Abbasi Surkia, Ali. (2018) The effect of organic manure and chemical fertilizer on essential oil, chemical compositions and antioxidant activity of dill (Anethum graveolens) in sole and intercropped with soybean (Glycine max). Journal of Cleaner Production, 199 (20).

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Abstract

Intercropping and the application of organic manure are important approaches for increasing of quantity and quality of plant products. In this experiment, chemical compositions and antioxidant activity of dill essential oil in sole crop and dill-soybean intercropping system under organic manure and chemical fertilizers were evaluated. The results showed that optimal yield of dill and the highest land equivalent ratio (LER) and antioxidant activity (2.43 μg ml−1) of dill were achieved in pattern of two rows of soybean + one row of dill treated with organic manure. Carvone (22.06–49.66%), α-phellandrene (10.79–34.49%), p-cymene (21.66–33.69%) and dillapiole (1.35–12.14%) were major chemical components of dill. The dill-soybean intercropping and application of organic manure enhanced the content of α-phellandrene and p-cymene as well. These major chemical compositions are useful for industrial use (food and pharmaceutical). So, according to different subjects of applying in industries it could be suggested especial treatment with favorite major compounds. In general, soybean-dill intercropping and the application of organic manure enhanced the productivity of dill and improved essential oil quality and antioxidant activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dill,Organic manure,Essential oil,Chemical compositions,DPPH
Subjects: QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2018 05:31
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2018 05:31
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7001

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