Effect of alcoholic extract of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaffarian on ileum contractions in rats

Hojjati, M.R. and Sedighi, M. and Shahrani, M. (2012) Effect of alcoholic extract of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaffarian on ileum contractions in rats. JOURNAL OF SABZEVAR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, 19 (2).

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Abstract

Background and objective: Kelussia odoratissima Mozaffarian (Umbelliferae family) is one of the Iranian medicinal plants that have nutritional and pharmacological effects. In Iranian traditional medicine, it has been mentioned that this plant has antispasmodic effect and it is used for the treatment of gastrointestinal dysfunctions, such as abdominal pain. In this study, we evaluated the effect of alcoholic extract of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaffarian on ileum contractions in rats. Method: Alcoholic extracts were prepared from powdered Kelussia leaves. Ileum samples were placed in an organ bath containing tyrode solution and 1g tension was used before inducing ileum isotonic contraction with KCl (60 mM). Saline or extracts (10% and 20%) were added to the bath and responses were recorded. Data were analyzed using ANOVA followed by Tukey HSD test. Findings: Our results demonstrated that both concentrations of Kelussia significantly reduced the KCl-induced contraction in isolated rat ileum compared to the control (saline) group (p<0.001). No significant difference was observed between the two groups which had received 10% and 20% extracts. Conclusion: In general, it can be concluded that alcoholic extracts of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaffarian inhibit pre-induced contractions in isolated rat ileum and can be used for reduction of intestinal spasms. More experiments are needed to unravel the mechanism underlying this effect.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PLANTS, MEDICINAL, ILEUM, RATS
Subjects: WB Practice of Medicine > complementary and alternative therapies
QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2018 08:17
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2018 08:17
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6788

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