Anti-inflammatory effect of AMPK signaling pathway in rat model of diabetic neuropathy

Hasanvand, Amin. and Amini-Khoei, Hossein. and Hadian, Mohammad-Reza. and Abdollahi, Alireza. and Tavangar, Seyed Mohammad. and Dehpour, Ahmad Reza. and Semiei, Elika. and Ejtemaei Mehr, Shahram. (2016) Anti-inflammatory effect of AMPK signaling pathway in rat model of diabetic neuropathy. Inflammopharmacology, 24 (5).

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Abstract

Abstract Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is characterized as Hyperglycemia activates thdisturbed nerve conduction and progressive chronic pain. Inflammatory mediators, particularly cytokines, have a determinant role in the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain. The activity of adenosine monophosphate protein kinase (AMPK), an energy charge sensor with neuroprotective properties, is decreased in diabetes. It has been reported that activation of AMPK reduces the systemic inflammation through inhibition of cytokines. In this study, we aimed to investigate the probable protective effects of AMPK on DN in a rat of diabetes. DN was induced by injection of streptozotocin (65 mg/kg, i.p.). Motor nerve conduction velocities (MNCV) of the sciatic nerve, as an electrophysiological marker for peripheral nerve damage, were measured. Plasma levels of IL-6, TNF-a, CRP were assessed as relevant markers for inflammatory response. Also, the expression of phosphorylated AMPK (p-AMPK) and nonphosphorylated (non-p-AMPK) was evaluated by western blotting in the dorsal root ganglia. Histopathological assessment was performed to determine the extent of nerve damage in sciatic nerve. Our findings showed that activation of AMPK by metformin (300 mg/kg) significantly increased the MNCV and reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines. In addition, we showed that administration of metformin increased the expression of p-AMPK as well as decline in the level of non p-AMPK. Our results demonstrated that co-administration of dorsomorphin with metformin reversed the beneficial effects of metformin. In conclusion, the results of this study demonstrated that the activation of AMPK signaling pathway in diabetic neuropathy might be associated with the anti-inflammatory response.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetic neuropathy AMPK Inflammatory response Cytokines MNCV Rat Int
Subjects: WD Nutrition Disease and metabolic diseases
WL Nervous system
QU Biochemistry
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2017 08:18
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2018 09:56
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6751

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