Neurologic complications in percutaneous nephrolithotomy

Basiri, Abbas. and Soltani, Mohammad Hossein. and Kamranmanesh, Mohammadreza. and Tabibi, Ali. and Ziaee, Seyed Amir Mohsen. and Nouralizadeh, Akbar. and Sharifiaghdas, Farzaneh. and Poorzamani, Mahtab. and Gharaei, Babak. and Ozhand, Ardalan. and Lashay, Alireza. and Ahanian, Ali. and Aminsharifi, Alireza. and Mohammadi Sichani, Mehrdad. and Asl-Zare, Mohammad. and Mohammad Ali Beigi, Faramarz. and Najjaran, Vahid and Abedinzadeh, Mehdi. and Nikkar, Mohammad Masoud. (2013) Neurologic complications in percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Korean journal of urology, 54 (3).

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Abstract

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has been the preferred procedure for the removal of large renal stones in Iran since 1990. Recently, we encountered a series of devastating neurologic complications during PCNL, including paraplegia and hemiplegia. There are several reports of neurologic complications following PCNL owing to paradoxical air emboli, but there are no reports of paraplegia following PCNL. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who had undergone PCNL in 13 different endourologic centers and retrieved data related to neurologic complications after PCNL, including coma, paraplegia, hemiplegia, and quadriplegia. Results: The total number of PCNL procedures in these 13 centers was 30,666. Among these procedures, 11 cases were complicated by neurologic events, and four of these cases experienced paraplegia. All events happened with the patient in the prone position with the use of general anesthesia and in the presence of air injection. There were no reports of neurologic complications in PCNL procedures performed with the patient under general anesthesia and in the prone position and with contrast injection. Conclusions: It can be assumed that using room air to opacify the collecting system played a major role in the occurrence of these complications. Likewise, the prone position and general anesthesia may predispose to these events in the presence of air injection

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Complications; Nephrolithotomy; Neurologic deficits; Paraplegia
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Urology
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2017 10:13
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2018 10:31
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6678

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