Estradiol attenuates spinal cord injury-induced pain by suppressing microglial activation in thalamic VPL nuclei of rats.

Saghaei, Elham. and Abbaszadeh, Fatemeh. and Naseri, Kobra. and Ghorbanpoor, Samar. and Afhami, Mina. and Haeri, Ali. and Rahimi, Farzaneh. and Jorjani, Masoumeh. (2013) Estradiol attenuates spinal cord injury-induced pain by suppressing microglial activation in thalamic VPL nuclei of rats. Neuroscience research, 75 (4).

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Abstract

In our previous study we showed that central pain syndrome (CPS) induced by electrolytic injury caused in the unilateral spinothalamic tract (STT) is a concomitant of glial alteration at the site of injury. Here, we investigated the activity of glial cells in thalamic ventral posterolateral nuclei (VPL) and their contribution to CPS. We also examined whether post-injury administration of a pharmacological dose of estradiol can attenuate CPS and associated molecular changes. Based on the results,in the ipsilateral VPL the microglial phenotype switched o hyperactive mode and Iba1 expression was increased significantly on days 21 and 28 post-injury. The same feature was observed in contralateral VPL on day 28 (P<.05). These changes were strongly correlated with the onset of CPS (r(2)=0.670). STT injury did not induce significant astroglial response in both ipsilateral and contralateral VPL. Estradiol attenuated bilateral mechanical hypersensitivity 14 days after STT lesion (P<.05). Estradiol also suppressed microglial activation in the VPL. Taken together, these findings indicate that selective STT lesion induces bilateral microglia activation in VPL which might contribute to mechanical hypersensitivity. Furthermore, a pharmacological dose of estradiol reduces central pain possibly via suppression of glial activity in VPL region.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Central pain syndrome,Microglia,Estradiol,VPL
Subjects: WL Nervous system
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of pharmacology
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2017 10:46
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2018 09:22
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6659

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