Carbamazepine potentiates morphine analgesia on postoperative pain in morphine-dependent rats

Naseri, Kobra. and Sabetkasaei, Masoumeh. and Moini Zanjani, Taraneh. and Saghaei, Elham. (2012) Carbamazepine potentiates morphine analgesia on postoperative pain in morphine-dependent rats. European Journal of Pharmacology.

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Abstract

Postoperative pain and its control remain one of the most important issues in the field of surgery and health care systems. Morphine is a potent and effective analgesic, but substance abuse patients can manifest crosstolerance to it, making it difficult to satisfy their analgesic/anesthetic requirements. As carbamazepine has shown antinociceptive properties in a variety of experimental and clinical settings, in the present study, we evaluated its potential antiallodynic effects on postoperative pain in naïve and morphine-dependent rats. Male rats were assigned to morphine-dependent and naïve groups and received intraperitoneally drug vehicles as control group, 3 mg/kg morphine, 5, 10 or 15 mg/kg carbamazepine or 5 mg/kg carbamazepine plus 3 mg/kg morphine as a combination therapy 2 and 24 h after surgery. Morphine-dependency was induced with multiple doses of morphine administered i.p. and plantar incision was made on the hind paw to simulate the postoperative pain. Paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) was obtained by von Frey filaments every 30 min after drug injection for up to 180 min. Morphine at 3 mg/kg exerted antiallodynic effects in naïve rats and a decreased antinociception was observed in morphine-dependent rats. In contrast, 5 mg/kg carbamazepine did not significantly alter PWT in naives but it was effective in dependent rats. 10 and 15 mg/kg carbamazepine attenuated allodynia following surgery in both groups. Co-administration of 5 mg/kg carbamazepine with 3 mg/kg morphine produced higher analgesia in morphine-dependent incised rats and prolonged antinociception as compared to morphine alone (Pb0.05). Thus carbamazepine may potentiate the analgesic effect of chronically administered morphine on postoperative pain model in morphinedependent rats.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbamazepine,Postoperative pain,Morphine-dependent rat,Mechanical allodynia
Subjects: WO Surgery
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of pharmacology
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2017 11:07
Last Modified: 20 May 2018 05:15
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6657

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