Opposite gender doctor-patient interactions in Iran.

Tavakol, Mohsen. and Rahimi Madiseh, Mohammad. and Torabi, Sima. and Goode, Jackie. (2006) Opposite gender doctor-patient interactions in Iran. Teaching and Learnning Medicine, 18 (4).

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The importance of physician gender in patient health outcomes has been recognized for some time in the West. For example, there is some evidence to show that female doctors use good interpersonal communication skills with their patients and that patients are satisfied with female doctors. There is little known, however, about the contribution of different configurations of gender identities to a variety of positive health outcomes in non-Western countries. In Iran, in particular, the attention given to "cross-gender dyads" in doctor-patient interactions is severely limited. DESCRIPTION: The findings were based on a well-designed questionnaire, validated and found to be reliable in Australia, which we administered to medical students in Iran. EVALUATION: Overall, there was no significant difference between the mean scores of students in relation to opposite-gender comfort. Results indicate that both male and female students were more comfortable conducting intimate physical examinations on patients of the same gender as themselves. Performing a testicular examination was significantly disagreeable for both genders, but particularly for female students. CONCLUSIONS: Both genders appeared to be comfortable talking to patients of the opposite gender about intimate matters, but same-gender dyads were viewed as preferable to cross-gender dyads in relation to physical examinations. Further qualitative research is needed to understand how these views are constituted and how they operate in practice. We make some recommendations, and we discuss the limitations of study.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: W General medicine- Health professions > Medical Education W.18
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2017 10:04
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 08:40
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6601

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