The effect of Ramadan fasting on LH, FSH, oestrogen, progesterone and leptin in pregnant women.

Khoshdel, Abolfazl. and Kheiri, Soleiman. and Hashemi Dehkordi, Elham. and Nasiri, Jafar. and Shabanian-Borujeni, S. and Saedi Dezaki, Ebrahim. (2014) The effect of Ramadan fasting on LH, FSH, oestrogen, progesterone and leptin in pregnant women. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 34 (7).

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Abstract

Many pregnant Muslim women fast during Ramadan. Leptin has an important role in the reproductive system and hormones. In this study, FSH, LH, oestrogen, progesterone and leptin were measured in the first, second and fourth week of Ramadan and the second week post-Ramadan, in 30 fasting pregnant women. Data were analysed using repeated measures ANOVA by SPSS. The weight and BMI did not change during the study. A significant change in FSH, oestrogen, progesterone and leptin was observed (p < 0.05). The lowest value of FSH was in the second week of Ramadan. Progesterone increased at the end of Ramadan and the second week after. Oestrogen increased significantly during Ramadan and decreased after Ramadan. A decreasing trend was seen in LH during the Ramadan and 2 weeks after (p < 0.1). Leptin decreased significantly 2 weeks after Ramadan. We found poor weight gain and hypoleptinaemia in pregnant fasted women during the study. Food restriction in pregnant fasted women during Ramadan may induce poor weight gain during pregnancy. These data confirm that Ramadan fasting by pregnant women may have potential risks during pregnancy. We recommend further study to evaluate long-term effects of Ramadan fasting during pregnancy in different countries with different food habits and traditions, to obtain reliable and documented data.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: FSH; LH; Ramadan fasting; hypoleptinaemia; leptin; oestrogen; pregnancy; progesterone
Subjects: WA Public Health
WQ Obstetrics
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2017 05:10
Last Modified: 29 May 2018 05:14
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6536

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