EFFECTS OF FAMILY-CENTERED INTERVENTIONS ON EMPOWERMENT OF THE ELDERLY

Rabiei, Leili. and Mostafavi, Firoozeh. and Masoudi, Reza. and Hassanzadeh, Akbar. (2012) EFFECTS OF FAMILY-CENTERED INTERVENTIONS ON EMPOWERMENT OF THE ELDERLY. HEALTH SYSTEM RESEARCH, 8 (24).

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Abstract

Background: Adult age is a sensitive period of human life and paying attention to the issues and needs of this stage is a social necessity. Regarding the specific needs of this period, considering the empowerment, dignity and self-efficacy in the elders is very important too which is frequently neglected. This study aimed to determine the effect of family-based interventions on the elders’ empowerment with emphasis on self-efficacy, self-esteem, perceive threat and quality of life of the elders in Isfahan, Iran. Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 64 elder people with the ability to perform routine and daily tasks without dependence on others and without systemic and restrictive diseases were chosen by available sampling method and were divided into two intervention and control groups. In intervention group, the pattern of family-based empowerment was trained and conducted in ten 45-minute sessions. The level of perceived threat, self- esteem, self-efficacy and life quality in both groups were evaluated before and after intervention through questionnaire. Chi Square, paired t and independent t were used for statistical analysis. Results: Statistical test of paired t test indicated the effect of using family-based empowerment pattern on significant increase of quality of life in intervention group compared to the control group (P<0.01). Statistical test of independent t test showed a significant difference in intervention group and control group after conducting the program in the score of self-esteem (P<0.001). While, this difference was not significant before intervention. Regarding self-efficiency, independent t-test did not show significant difference between the two groups before intervention. Despite the increase of self-efficacy score after intervention, this difference was not meaningful (P=0.076) Conclusion: Regarding the findings of this research, we can conclude that it is possible to increase the level of self-efficacy, self-esteem, perceived threat and finally quality of life of the elders and pave the way for healthy aging and being healthy in this period family-based empowerment pattern regularly, consistently and with good acceptance by this age group.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: FAMILY-BASED EMPOWERMENT PATTERN, LIFE QUALITY, SELF-EFFICACY, SELF-ESTEEM, PERCEIVED THREAT, ELDER
Subjects: WA Public Health
Divisions: Faculty of Health
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2017 07:16
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2018 08:09
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6385

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