Application of Learning Theories in Clinical Education

Abolhasani, Sh. and Doosti Irani, M. and Haghani, F. (2012) Application of Learning Theories in Clinical Education. Iranian Journal of medical education, 11 (9).

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Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of education is learning. Several theories have been raised about learning, which have tried to explain how learning occurs. They help teachers to choose teaching methods, prepare learning environment and determine students' activities. Given the importance of learning theories in education, this study aimed to review application of learning theories in nursing education. Methods: In this study, some related published literatures during 2000-2010 were selected using key words including learning, theory and nursing education. Then the selected materials were reviewed for extracting application of learning theories in nursing education. Application of behavioral learning theories, cognitive theories (including Gestalt theory, information processing, Ausubel meaningful learning, constructivism, Bandura's social learning) and adult learning theory in nursing education were discussed in this article. Results: Some applications of behavioral theories are teaching in a sequential, simple to complex pattern teaching the skills using behavioral objectives for determining learning outcomes and assessment and providing teaching plan using the nursing process and nursing care plans and positive reinforcement. Principles of Gestalt theory have been used in mental organization towards simplicity, directed balance and equilibrium, and selective stimulus perception. Writing narratives and portfolio are samples of the application of constructive theory. Role models have been used in social cognitive theory. Based on adult learning theory, learners should be active and taught material should be applicable for them. Conclusion: Each learning theory has the particular application. Nursing educators must apply proper learning theories regarding students' experience and target material.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: learning, theory, nursing, education
Subjects: WY Nursing
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2017 05:40
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2017 05:40
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6038

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