The impact of N-myc amplification on median survival in children with neuroblastoma

Pedram, Mohammad. and Heidari, Morteza. and Keikhaei, Bijan. and Azizi Malamiri, Reza. and Poopak, Behzad. and Fekri, Kiavash. (2013) The impact of N-myc amplification on median survival in children with neuroblastoma. J Compr Ped, 3 (1).

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Abstract

Background: Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial malignant solid tumor in children under 5 years, and it is characterized by wide clinical and biological heterogeneity. N-myc oncogene amplification is considered to be one of the most important prognostic factors used to evaluate survival in these patients. Objectives: The aim of our study was to determine amplification of the N-myc oncogene using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and to show the influence of N-myc amplified tumors on the overall survival rate. Patients and Methods: This study is an analytical historical cohort study of forty children with neuroblastoma admitted to the Shafa Hospital, Iran from 1999 to 2010. Paraffined blocks of tumoral tissue were analyzed for N-myc amplification by a PCR. The degree of N-myc amplification was derived from the ratio of the N-myc oncogene and the single copy reference gene, NAGK. In the statistical analysis, a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used. Results: We found a variable degree of N-myc amplification, from 3 to 2 200, in 32 of the 40 neuroblastomas (80%). NMYC amplification was seen more frequently in patients older than 2.5 years (71.9%), stage 4 (65.6%) and female (53.1%). Median survival time in the males was significantly longer than in the females (P = 0.03). The overall median survival for N-myc amplified tumor patients was 20 months, and 30 months for the non amplified tumors. Conclusions: The N-myc amplified tumors may increase the probability of more aggressive behavior and rapid tumor progression, especially in advanced stages of neuroblastoma. This study confirmed the importance of obtaining correct measurements of oncogene amplification in the early evaluation of neuroblastomas in order to target more aggressive therapies in patients with a higher risk of cancer progression.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polymerase Chain Reaction Neuroblastoma
Subjects: WL Nervous system
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2017 09:04
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 05:41
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5916

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