Seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies among pregnant women from Chaharmahal and Bakhtyari province using indirect immunoflurescent in 2006-2007

manouchehri naeeni, Koorosh. and keshavarz, Hossein. and abdizade dehkordi, Rahman. and zebardast, Nozhat. and Kheiri, Soleiman. and Khalafian, Pooran. and salehi fard, Ali zamen. (2007) Seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies among pregnant women from Chaharmahal and Bakhtyari province using indirect immunoflurescent in 2006-2007. journal of shahrekord university of medical sciences, 8 (4).

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Abstract

Background and aim: The most serious form of Toxoplasma gondii infection, congenital toxoplasmosis occurs when a non-immune woman is affected during the pregnancy. Thus, having knowledge about Toxoplasma seroprevalence among women during childbearing ages and/or pregnancy is of public health importance. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma antibodies during the first trimester of pregnancy in women aged 15-45 years referred to the health centers of the province. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 384 serum samples from pregnant women aged 15-45 years during the first trimester of their pregnancies were examined and tittered for anti-Toxoplasma antibody using Indirect Immunofluorescent Antibody (IFA) method. Using X2 test, the data were analyzed. Results: Total anti-Toxoplasma antibodies were found in 106 women out of 384 (27.6%), with serum levels ranged between 1:20 and 1:2560. The highest rate of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies was found in pregnant women aged 40-45 years (50%) (p<0.05). There was a past history of spontaneous abortion in 29.3% of the sero-positive subjects. Also, 38.5% of the sero-positive women had a history of cat keeping in their house or had a close contact with the animal (p<0.05). There was also a history of lamb meat consumption in 82.2% of sero-positive subjects (p<0.05), while the rate of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies was 65% for raw vegetables consumers. The highest and the lowest rates of anti-Toxoplasma sero-prevalence occurred in Shahrekord (51.9%) and Farsan (6%) districts, respectively. This rate was also 25% and 29.5% for urban and rural areas, respectively. Conclusion: The findings showed that a large proportion of pregnant women from this area are at risk of infection with Toxoplasma and may be infected during next months of their pregnancies or in their further pregnancies

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anti-Toxoplasma antibodies, Indirect immunofluorescent antibody, Pregnant women, Seroprevalence.
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > Infection.Bacterial Infections
QW Microbiology and Immunology
QX Parasitology
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology
Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Parasitology and Mycology
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2017 04:28
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2018 05:12
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5732

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