Relief of labor pain by ice massage of the hand

Safdari Dehcheshmeh, Faranak. and Delaram, Masoumeh. and Salehian, Tahmineh. and Moradi, Mohammad-Taghi. and Rahimi Madiseh, Mohammad. and Aliakbari, Fatemeh. (2009) Relief of labor pain by ice massage of the hand. Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 11 (1).

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Abstract

Background: Labor pain is the worst pain experience during women's life. The management of labor pain is amongst the leading goals of maternity care. Unrelieved labor pain may adversely af ect both mother and the neonate. The aim of this study was to determine the ef ect of Hoku point ice massage on pain intensity in primiparous women during labor. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 60 primiparous women who were expected to have normal childbirth in Hajar Hospital of Shahrekord. All participants were randomly assigned in two groups (n = 30): ice massage (treatment) and sand bag group (control). The severity of the basal pain was measured at the beginning of active phase (4 cm cervical dilation) based on Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Then, after two groups received intervention, the severity of the labor pain in 4, 6, 8 and 10 cm cervical dilation was measured. In the case group, the crushed ice twisted in a terry bag was rocked on the web of skin between thumb and forefinger. The massage was carried out in Hoku point throughout three contractions. The sand bag tactile massage in Hoku point was served in the control group. The data were analyzed using SPSS software and descriptive analysis using Mann- Whitney, x2, paired and independent t tests and P<0.05 was considered significant. Results: After completion of intervention, the pain intensity in the treatment group was significantly less than the control group P<0.001). Also, mean duration of active phase of labor in treatment group was significantly less than the control group (P<0.05). In the treatment group, the dif erence between the mean of the pain pre and post intervention was significant just in 4, 6 and 8 cervical dilation (P<0.001). Conclusions: Regarding the ice massage as a cost-ef ective and noninvasive nursing intervention and considering high satisfaction of patients, we recommend this safe and easy-to-use technique for alleviation of the labor pain.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: KEY WORDS: Pain relief, labor pain, ice massage, Hoku point
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Cellular and Molecular Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 07:35
Last Modified: 21 May 2018 06:55
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5527

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