Seroprevalence and some of risk factors affecting Toxoplasma infection in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiyari province, Iran

Manouchehri Naeini, Koorosh. and Mortazaei, Seifollah. and Zebardast, Nozhat. and Kheiri, Soleiman. (2012) Seroprevalence and some of risk factors affecting Toxoplasma infection in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiyari province, Iran. journal of shahrekord university of medical sciences, 13 (6).

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Abstract

Background and aim: Toxoplasma gondii is one of the most common causes of latent infection in humans. However, the prevalence and incidence rates of the infection and factors affecting it vary from place to place. The aim of present study was to investigate seroprevalence and some of factors affecting Toxoplasma infection in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiyari province-Iran. Methods: In this descriptive analytical study based on the population age gender pyramid, 990 serum samples were collected by quota sampling from the individuals referred to clinical laboratories of the province. Then samples were examined for anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay method. Demographic information was also collected using a questionnaire and data were analyzed using Chi-square and independent t-tests as well as the logistic regression. Results: The individuals aged between 1-85 years (Mean age 27.89±18.23 yr.). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies were found in 339 samples (34.2%). There was a significant correlation between the age, living style, residence, job, and education level of the participants and seroprevalence of Anti-Toxoplasma antibodies (IgG) (P<0.05). The logistic regression model also showed a significant relationship between age and residence of the participants and Toxoplasma seropositivity (P<0.05). Conclusion: The study indicated that one third of the population was exposed to Toxoplasma and yet the vast majority of them are susceptible to Toxoplasma infection in future. Therefore, the health staffs should be aware of Toxoplasma seroprevalence and potential risk factors of infection in different areas of the region. Health educational programs are needed to improve the knowledge of population about Toxoplasma transmission routes and the standard preventive measures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Toxoplasma infection, ELISA, Immunoglobulin G, Risk factors
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > Infection.Bacterial Infections
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Parasitology and Mycology
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Clinical Biochemistry Research Center
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2017 09:42
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2018 05:12
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5494

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