Nitrate removal from aqueous solution by almond shells activated with magnetic nanoparticles

Arbabi, Mohsen. and Hemati, Sara. and Shamsizadeh, Zahra. and Arbabi, Arman. (2017) Nitrate removal from aqueous solution by almond shells activated with magnetic nanoparticles. Desalination and Water Treatment, 80. pp. 344-351.


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Magnetic activated carbons from almond shells were prepared, characterized, and used to remove nitrate from aqueous environments. The magnetic carbon was prepared by mixing of activated carbon in aqueous suspensions with an aqueous Fe3+/Fe2+ solution followed by treatment with sodium hydroxide. The morphologies and surface chemistries of magnetic activated carbon were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis, pHpzc, and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) analyses. The BET area of magnetic activated carbon was 105.480 m2 /g. The effects of adsorbent dosage, the pH of the solution, initial nitrate ion concentration, and contact time on the removal process were investigated. The amount of remaining nitrate ion was measured by spectrophotometer UV–Vis after filtration. At optimum pH of 4 and equilibrium time of 20 min, adsorption efficiency increased with both increasing of absorbent concentration to 1 g/L and reduction of initial concentration of nitrate ions (76.29%). The equilibrium adsorption was best described by the Langmuir isotherm model (R2 = 0.924). The almond shell activated with magnetic nanoparticles has a good ability to remove nitrate ions from aqueous solutions. Therefore, the use of this relatively easy and simple technology is an effective step in removing nitrate from water.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keywords: Adsorption; Activated carbon; Almond; Magnetite nanoparticles; Nitrate
Subjects: WD Nutrition Disease and metabolic diseases
QT physiology >
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental Health
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2017 08:57
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2018 06:10

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