In vitro effects of melatonin on colonization of neonate mouse spermatogonial stem cells

Navid, Shadan. and Rastegar, Tayebeh. and Baazm, Maryam. and Alizadeh, Rafieh. and Talebi, Ali. and Gholami, Keyavosh. and Khosravi-Farsani, Somayeh. and Koruji, Morteza. and Abbasi, Mehdi. (2017) In vitro effects of melatonin on colonization of neonate mouse spermatogonial stem cells. Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine. pp. 1-12.

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Abstract

We have recently reported that antioxidant supplements enhance the efficacy of cryopreserved spermatogonial stem cells. Melatonin is considered a free radical scavenger which has direct and indirect antioxidant effects in in vitro and in vivo microenvironments. Due to the anti-apoptotic properties of melatonin, researchers have proposed that melatonin may improve the efficiency of spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) transplantation. However, the appropriate methodology which facilitates SSC proliferation remains to be determined. Identification of a proper propagation system is essential for the future application of SSCs in the field of infertility. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of melatonin on the colonization of SSCs. SSCs were isolated from the testes of three to six day old mice, and their purities were assessed by cytometry using Plzf antibody. Isolated testicular cells were cultured in the absence or presence of melatonin extract for two weeks. Suppression of differentiation and maintenance of spermatogonial stem cells was confirmed by alkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry using Plzf antibody. The number and diameter of the colonies of SSCs were assessed during the 7th and 14th days of culture, and the expression of Id4, Plzf, and C-kit were evaluated using real-time PCR at the end of the culture period. The survival rate of the cultured cells in the presence of melatonin was significantly higher than the control group. The number and diameter of colonies also increased in the cells treated with melatonin. The results of our study suggest that culture of SSCs with 100 μM melatonin supplementation can increase SSCs proliferation significantly.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0; Article in Press
Uncontrolled Keywords: KEYWORDS: Colonization, melatonin, proliferation, spermatogonial stem cell
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
QU Biochemistry > Cell biology and genetics
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Cellular and Molecular Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2017 06:35
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2018 09:21
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5157

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