Overcoming diabetes-related stigma in Iran: A participatory action research

Doosti Irani, Mehri. and Abdoli, Samereh. and Parvizi, Soroor. and Seyed Fatemi, Naimeh. (2017) Overcoming diabetes-related stigma in Iran: A participatory action research. APPLIED NURSING RESEARCH, 36. pp. 115-121.

[img]
Preview
Text
5.pdf

Download (938kB) | Preview

Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to overcome diabetes-related stigma in individuals living with type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) in Iran. The study proposed that if individuals with T1DM and the community work together to develop and implement an anti-stigma program, diabetes-related stigma in individuals with T1DM can be reduced. Research design and method: This study was conducted as a participatory action research study based on Kemmis and McTaggert's (2000) Model to design and implement an anti-stigma program for T1DM. Participants were selected among individuals with T1DM, their family members, health care providers, and residents without diabetes in Isfahan, Iran. Data collection was conducted using interviews, focus groups, emails, and text messages. Content analysis was used to analyze the data to develop anti-stigma interventions. Interventions were prioritized based on the Suitability, Feasibility and Flexibility (SFF) Matrix. Anti-stigma interventions were implemented in different levels in Isfahan, Iran, from 2011 to 2014. The effect of the program was evaluated based on interviews, feedback, and focus groups at the individual level. However, interventions were implemented in different levels including community, organization, family, and individual. Results: Participants with T1DM experienced significant empowerment during the project to overcome diabetes related stigma. The three main themes indicating this feeling of empowerment are ``from doubt to trust'', ``from shadow to light'', and ``from me to us''. Conclusion: Participatory action research can be an effective way to reduce diabetes-related stigma in individuals living with T1DM. It integrates the voices of the marginalized group reducing stigma and discrimination against diabetes. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Inc.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WD Nutrition Disease and metabolic diseases
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2017 05:00
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2018 06:24
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4999

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item