Comparison of antibacterial activity of essential oils of Foeniculum vulgare Mill, Mentha arvensis and Mentha piperita against Streptococcus mutans

Golestannejad, Z. and Gavanji, Sh. and Mohammadi, E. and Motamedi, A. and Bahrani, M. and Rezaei, F. and Larki, B. and Mojiri, A. and Bakhtari, A. (2017) Comparison of antibacterial activity of essential oils of Foeniculum vulgare Mill, Mentha arvensis and Mentha piperita against Streptococcus mutans. Advanced Herbal Medicine (3). p. 1.

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Abstract

Background and aims: Tooth decay is one of the most common chronic diseases around the world and this problem is the result of variety of different bacteria. Streptococcus mutants is one of the most important bacteria which is related to this disease. Finding new effective antibacterial agents is an important area in bioscience for fighting and controlling bacterial infections. Essential oils are most important natural sources of antibacterial agents, particularly against drug-resistant bacteria. Methods: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the antibacterial activity of three essential oils Mentha arvensis, Mentha piperita and Foeniculum vulgare Mill against Streptococcus mutants. Disk diffusion method was carried out and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were measured. Results: The results showed that all three essential oils have antibacterial activity against S. mutants. With a constant concentration of 100 µg/µl, the efficiency of Mentha piperita and then Foeniculum vulgare Mill was higher than the efficiency of Mentha arvensis at all 3 given time points (24, 48 and 72 hours). The most effective MIC and MBC were related to Streptococcus mutants using Foeniculum vulgare essential oil which were equal to 8.4 and 14.9 µg/ml, respectively. MIC and MBC for Mentha piperita essential oil were measured 10.5 and 16.3 µg/ml, respectively. Conclusion: The Essential oils used in present study with different components showed antibacterial activity and therefore they can be used as new antibacterial substances.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chronic disease, Infection, Essential oil, Disk diffusion
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > Infection.Bacterial Infections
WT Geriatrics . Chronic Diseases
QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Advanced Herbal Medicine
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2017 09:49
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2017 09:49
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4840

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